Health Disparities and Minority Populations

Disparities reduction is a passion of virtually all CCDTR investigators, staff, and partners. Much of our work addresses disparities using the community-based participatory research (CBPR) model, in which academia and community are equal partners in all aspects of the research process. Our personnel bring a rich variety of experience implementing and evaluating community-based interventions. This page highlights some of the key ongoing initiatives and projects that facilitate the work of diabetes translation researchers seeking to reduce disparities in Chicago as well as regionally and nationally.

Predicting and Reducing Future Health Disparities for U.S. Adults with Diabetes

Background: Disparities in diabetes and its complications have persisted, despite increased public health focus on reducing them. Although eliminating diabetes health disparities has been a national goal, inadequate quality of care and poor outcomes are still persistent among racial/ethnic minorities. Many interventions have been developed to reduce diabetes health disparities; however, adoption has been slow […] Learn more

Diabetes Intervention in Economically Distressed Communities

This is a pilot study for community-based research in partnership with the Chicago Housing Authority (CHA) and Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH), in order to adapt a Diabetes Prevention Program-style intervention to low-income, segregated neighborhoods like those of Chicago’s south and west sides. Learn more

Do Performance Incentives Improve Healthcare Quality for Vulnerable Populations?

We are evaluating the impact of a P4P program aimed at improving diabetes care quality within our nation’s largest federally qualified health center, ACCESS Community Health Network. Learn more

Does Patient Heterogeneity Contribute to Health Disparities?

The purpose of this study is to evaluate differences found between more and less vulnerable populations related to medical decisions and treatment preferences. Learn more

Finding Answers: Disparities Research for Change

Finding Answers funds program evaluations in 33 health care organizations across the country. We are evaluating a variety of intervention strategies in different health care settings to find out what works—and what does not—to improve care. Learn more

Get Diabetes RITE (Retention, Integration, and Transfer to Everyday Self-Management)

This study’s objective is to develop and test the RITE approach (Retention and Integration of knowledge, to Transfer for Everyday self-management), a teaching strategy to help patients, across literacy levels, learn and transfer diabetes-self management concepts to daily-life. Learn more

Home Sleep and Circadian Phase: Mediators of Racial Disparities in Diabetes Risk

The 3 primary goals of this study are to (1) conduct comprehensive and ecologically-valid assessments of sleep in people’s homes, (2) assess circadian phase in the home environment and (3) determine if differences in home sleep and circadian measures partially explain differences in diabetes risk factors between African Americans and non-Hispanic whites. Learn more

Implementing Diabetes Group Visits in Community Health Centers

Findings from preliminary research we conducted as part of the study “Community Health Center Experiences with Diabetes Group Visits” have been used to develop and pilot test a diabetes group visit intervention in the community health center setting for six community health centers across the Midwest. Learn more

Improving Diabetes Care and Outcomes on the South Side of Chicago

Improving Diabetes Care and Outcomes on the South Side of Chicago is a seven-year project funded by the Merck Foundation, through the Alliance to Reduce Disparities in Diabetes, and the National Institute of Health. The project engages patients, providers, clinics, and community collaborators to improve health care and outcomes on the South Side of Chicago, a predominantly working class African-American community. Learn more

Local Patients, Local Stories: Using Local Patients’ Stories and Community Resources for Healthcare Provider Cultural Competency Training

The main purpose of the study is to develop and assess a training program to improve care for Latinos with diabetes that uses patient photographs, patient stories, information about local resources, and exercises to increase awareness of stereotyping in the healthcare setting. Learn more

Picture Good Health: A Church-Based, Self-Management Intervention for Mexican-Americans with Diabetes

Picture Good Health is a bilingual church-based diabetes program. The program has eight weekly educational sessions that are held at one of the partner churches. The curriculum uses an innovative technique called “photovoice” where participants receive disposable digital cameras to document their lives with diabetes. Learn more

Your Voice! Your Health! A study of how to engage and empower LGBTQ people of color within healthcare settings

Led by Dr. Marshall Chin, along with an extensive team of expert investigators in the field of shared decision making (SDM), this study aims to reduce healthcare disparities in the LGBTQ community, including racial and ethnic minority groups and health conditions specific to this unique population. Learn more

Sleep interventions to improve sleep and diabetes risk in African Americans: A Pilot Study

Our overarching research objective is to examine sleep as a novel potential mediator of racial disparities in diabetes and to determine whether a sleep intervention could be an effective and feasible behavioral intervention within African Americans. Learn more

Using a Text Message Enabled Care Management Program to Improve Diabetes Care and Outcomes at the University of Chicago Health Plan

We have designed an innovative diabetes care management program using automated text messages administered by nurse-care managers at a local health plan. Learn more

Using Evidence based Strategies to Promote Weight Loss in African American Women

The primary aim of the proposed project is to use the principles of community based participatory research to develop a research study to promote weight loss and subsequent cancer risk in African American women. Learn more